FACTS ABOUT RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY
According to Lawler-Row (2010) while religiosity (attendance, prayer, religious coping, beliefs) is positively
related to health, forgiveness, acts of forgiveness, forgiveness of self and other, feeling forgiven by God, (as
opposed to revenge and transgression) are shown to be the mediator between religiosity and well-being,
number of medications, healthy aging, sleep quality, and depression. Religious commitment is related to
reducing pain and suffering but not to health. Healthy aging is shown to be associated with frequency of
attendance - prayer - "belief in a watching God" and this association is mediated by feeling forgiven by God.
Those who were low on forgiveness were are also disappointed with god. And those who remain religiously
committed, while yet disappointed in God, have improved mental and physical wellbeing. As opposed to
being a forgiving person (trait of forgiveness), that is related to being religiously involved, the state of mind /
'acts of being forgiving' mediate between spirituality and existential well being; that is more than religious
commitment's association with mental and subjective state of health that is mediated by the 'trait of
forgiveness' / religious values; see Lawler-Row, K. A. (2010) Forgiveness as Mediator of the Religiosity -
Health Relationship. Psych of Religion and Spirituality, 2(1), 1-16.
According to Reinert and Edwards (2009) viewing God as loving may reduce verbal abuse. Viewing God as
being among us may reduce physical abuse. Viewing God as not a source of control may reduce sexual
abuse. This is based on research that: verbal, physical, and sexual maltreatment are related to difficulty in
perceiving attachment to God, seeing god as not loving, distant, and controlling. The above relations are
mediated by attachment to parents, except for those were sexually mistreated and view God as controlling;
that may be related to fear of loss of control and having no control after being traumatized and having had
expected God to prevent the trauma. Trauma disrupts attachment to God and others. Those who grew-up
with insecure attachment to religiously active fathers perceived God as less loving and more controlling and
are at risk for abandoning their family's religion. These are based on young Caucasians who participated in
the studies; see Reinert, D. F. and Edwards, C. E. (2009). Attachment Theory, Childhood Mistreatment, and
Religiosity. Psych of Religion and Spirituality, 1(1), 25-34.
LIFE & DEATH
How do different religions view life after death? If one religion sees death as the end of life without hoping for
revival, what does that do to everyday anticipations and expectations throughout the life span development;
i.e., when death is the end result as opposed to revival as being the end result. Q's Ministry questions the
existence of life after death based on principles of science. Do persons who expect and/or believe in
revival or eternal life have better wellness outcomes? Do you believe or expect that the "soul" lives for
eternity after death?
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of belonging, religious convictions, belief in the divine, sacred, devout, holy and spiritual.
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change anyone's religion or faith.
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